Morpholine is a colorless, mobile, hygroscopic, liquid with a characteristic amine-like odor.
It is completely miscible with water and large number of organic solvents, and is itself a solvent for a large variety of organic materials, including resins, dyes, waxes, shellac and casein.
Morpholine is an extremely versatile chemical with many important applications.
It is used an intermediate in the manufacturer of rubber chemicals and optical brighteners. It is also used extensively as a corrosion inhibitor in steam boiler systems.
Fatty acids derivatives of morpholine are used as emulsifiers in the manufacture of waxes polishes.
Other derivatives have found applications As bactericides pharmaceutical chemicals, and antioxidants for lubricating oils.
Morpholine derivatives are particularly useful in the textile industry, where they are employed as textile lubricants and sizing emulsifier.
Chemically morpholine is an amino ether. The ether function of the molecule is typically inert and most of the reactions of morpholine involve the secondary amine group.